Ethiopia Population

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The Cushitic group

3 Comments · Ethiopian Culture

The Cushitic group is very diverse and contains a large number of components. It is desirable to group them in relation to their distribution.

The Cushitic of the north, the Agew, Bilen, as well as the Kemant, are in the area west of Tekeze and north of Lake Tana. The Bejas are found in the extreme north.

The Sahos, who are nomads in the coastal depression between Mitsiwa in the north and the Gulf of Zula in the east and in the western escarpment of Akeleguzay are of this stock.

The Rashaidas and the Afars, occupying the arid depression on the coast of the Red sea, are also among this group. Except for the Agews, the majority of the northern Cushitic people are muslims.

The Oromos consist of a sizeable majority of the Cushitic stock, and are found in almost all of the administrative regions south of Tigray and Gonder.

However, with exceptions in central Welega, central Shewa, and the highlands of Bale and Harer, they occupy the sparsely-populated lowlands. The eastern and south-eastern Cushitics are the Somalis who occupy the arid zone of Ogaden in Harerge and the southern portion of Bale administrative region.

The Sidamo-Kembata. The chief components of this group are Sidama, Hadiya, Gedeo and Kembata whose territory is surrounded mostly by Oromos and, in the south west, by Omotic languages. Most of the Cushitic languages are spoken only in Ethiopia.

(Source: National Atlas of Ethiopia)


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