Ethiopia Population

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Housing in Ethiopia

Many of the houses in Ethiopia are below qualitative standard and lack sufficient space. The amount of provision for water supply, electricity, and drainage is very minimal. The lives and health of people living in housing of such poor quality and with such insufficient provision for water, sanitation, and drainage are under continuous threat.

Nevertheless, in the developing world in general and in least developed countries like Ethiopia in particular the number of people living in such conditions is rising every year.

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Adoption from Ethiopia

At Orphanage in Addis Ababa, thousand of newborn babies – some of them only days old – are cared for until people are ready to adopt them.

Adopted orphan abroad

Ethiopia has some 5m orphans – half of them because of HIV

Most of the parents are from abroad. The adoption of Ethiopian children by foreigners has increased sharply in the past few years, with thousands of parents from various parts of the Western world adopting children from this impoverished nation.

It is illegal to mention money where a baby is involved

Hadush Halifom

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Ethiopia: Linkage between population and economy

The collective forces of political turmoil, adverse climatic conditions and an all round turn down in productivity of the economy reduced the population of Ethiopia into a state of miserable poverty.

Except in 1980s, the countries economy has not been any time grew at a rate higher than that of the population. GDP grew at an average rate of:

• 2.7% between 1965 and 1980 and
• 1.9% between 1980 and 1989  

Available data show that the population increased four times between 1900 and 1988. At the beginning of the present century the crude rate of natural increase was projected at 0.3 per cent per year.

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Ethiopian Population

The distribution of Ethiopia’s population mainly is linked to altitude, climate, and soil. These physical factors explain the concentration of population in the highlands, which are gifted with moderate temperatures, rich soil, and sufficient rainfall.

• 14 percent of the population lives in areas above 2,400 meters (cool climatic zone)
• 75 percent between 1,500 and 2,400 meters (temperate zone), and only
• 11 percent below 1,500 meters (hot climatic zone), even though the hot zone includes more than half of Ethiopia’s territory.

Although census data pointed out that overall density was about 37 people per square kilometer, density varied from:

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By 2050 Ethiopia’s population is predicted to grow by more than 100 percent

Ethiopian is second populous country in Africa next to Nigeria. The population is estimated 77. Ethiopia’s population is growing fast pace, adding some two million people every year.

Although the government is investing a substantial amount of resources for social services, including health and education, this is being neutralized by the number of people requiring these services.

By the year 2050, the Washington-based Population Reference Bureau says Ethiopia’s population will increase by an amazing 120 percent.

That means in 44 years, the population of Ethiopia is anticipated to be around 169 million people.

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