Ethiopia Population

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Housing in Ethiopia

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Many of the houses in Ethiopia are below qualitative standard and lack sufficient space. The amount of provision for water supply, electricity, and drainage is very minimal. The lives and health of people living in housing of such poor quality and with such insufficient provision for water, sanitation, and drainage are under continuous threat.

Nevertheless, in the developing world in general and in least developed countries like Ethiopia in particular the number of people living in such conditions is rising every year.

Studies have shown that without major improvements in housing markets and in the expansion and improved provision of infrastructure and service, it is expected that the population living in such environmental expand very fast (Engelman Lovert,
1997).

Almost 85% of the houses in Ethiopia are made of mud and stick or thatch walls, which fall down easily. Homes are often cramped, with dirt floors, leaking roofs and no windows or doors, leaving their residents vulnerable to adverse weather conditions, insects and rodents.

Poor ventilation for inside cooking fires is a common cause of respiratory problems. Furthermore, majority of the population has no access to decent sanitation facilities, and more than 50% of the population does not have safe drinking water, causing disease to run rampant.

Substandard housing not only has an unfavorable effect on health, but also on education, job performance and overall quality of life. Most families living in such circumstances have little possibility of improving their situations without assistance and life is a daily battle for most.

Keywords: housing, Ethiopia, house, home.

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