Ethiopia Population

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Ethiopia in Africa

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Ethiopia is the oldest of the independent states grouped in the OAU (which now AU), and has provided the seat of the headquarters of the Organization in her capital city, Addis Ababa.

The capital is also the home of the Unite Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and of several other regional offices of the UN system and other inter-governmental organizations such as the Desert Locust Control for Eastern Africa.

Ethiopia occupies the interior of the Eastern Horn of Africa. In size, Ethiopia with an area of 1,223,000 square kilometres is the ninth largest of the fifty-one member states of the Organization of African Unity, and stretches from 30 north of the Equator to latitude 180 north of the Equator and from 330 east to 480 east longitude.

Ethiopia’s physical structure ties her to the landscape of the eastern half of the continent through the great Rift Valley system which stretches along the Red Sea, through Ethiopia and then southwards in two major lines which terminate in Mozambique.

The upheavals which were linked with the formation of the Rift System were also responsible for the formation of lava plateaus and volcanic features which dominate the East African landscape with which Ethiopia is associated.

Her population of just over 70 million makes her the third largest in Africa, after Nigeria and Egypt.

Within the Eastern Africa region, Ethiopia is the second largest after the Sudan which is roughly twice the size, but Ethiopia has more than twice the population of Sudan and roughly one third of all the population in the eleven states of the Eastern Africa region.

Ethiopia, the most significant emblem of African freedom in colonial times, played a paramount role in bringing Africans to unite under one organization, the Organization of African Unity, which was created in 1963 by 32 independent African states.

The Organization was crated to promote the unity and solidarity of Africans as well as to eradicate all forms of colonialism and racism from the continent.

In light of this, the African Union (AU) succeeded in speeding up the political emancipation of the greater part of the continent and now puts on record the viewpoint of African States on vital issues at many international fora.

The AU has also served as an significant stabilizing force on the continent rendering assistance towards the settlement or containment of many political and other disputes among its members.

The AU has encountered numerous problems that were sometimes challenging even to its existence, but it has always successfully surmounted them, thanks to the unreserved efforts made by genuine African leaders committed to the freedom, unity and development of Africa.

Ethiopia’s role in this respect is considerable. As one of the founding members of the Organization it has always committed itself to the unity and solidarity of Africans. 

Keywords: Ethiopia, Africa, Addis Ababa, AU

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