Ethiopia Population

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By 2050 Ethiopia’s population is predicted to grow by more than 100 percent

2 Comments · Ethiopian population

Ethiopian is second populous country in Africa next to Nigeria. The population is estimated 77. Ethiopia’s population is growing fast pace, adding some two million people every year.

Although the government is investing a substantial amount of resources for social services, including health and education, this is being neutralized by the number of people requiring these services.

By the year 2050, the Washington-based Population Reference Bureau says Ethiopia’s population will increase by an amazing 120 percent.

That means in 44 years, the population of Ethiopia is anticipated to be around 169 million people.

The environment is getting worse not only in the exposed areas of the highlands of northern Ethiopia but even in the south and southwest of the country, which are the greenest areas of the country.

During the 24-year period (1980-2004), Ethiopia disastrously suffered 15 years of poor rainfall. Drought resulted in low crop production and brought on the recognized famine in the mid 1980s that left more than one million people dead.

The Ethiopian government is beginning to take the issue of overpopulation seriously. It has come up with policies to help reduce the birth rate, currently averaging six children per woman in Ethiopia.

One part absorbs a major public health plan. Over the next three years, the government has set a goal of bringing family planning services to Ethiopia’s rural areas by giving essential health training to more than 25,000 young women and deploying them to each different part of the country.

Nearly 78 percent of married women in Ethiopia either desire to space their births or end them altogether. However, the lack of money for contraceptives presents a serious problem.

The 2005 contraceptive shortage is anticipated at $12 million, and if these young girls go out and promote family planning in the countryside, that is only going to make the situation worse
Therefore, the Ethiopian government commitment to cover 50 percent of the cost of contraceptives, a goal, might not be realistic.

Many experts agree that much work remains to be done to tackle Ethiopia’s high fertility rate. However those efforts are in rivalry with a number of other vital development issues in Ethiopia:

• food security
• basic infrastructure
• healthcare and
• education

Keywords: Ethiopia’s population, food security, crop production,


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